Sunday, May 2, 2010

Desires and Life

The essential way to live

There are four velours or goals which have to be achieved by each individual soul. The Valour means desire which one should aim in a systemic way. The other meaning of velour is the fruit achieved after lot of hard labor. These are Dharma, Arth, Kaam and Moksha.

Dharma- Practising Dharma is the supreme method for improving the quality of our human life. The word "dharma" originates from the Sanskrit root dhri, meaning to "uphold" or to "sustain." means "that which upholds or sustains the positive order of things. The Karmas that bring purity into your being is Dharma. The Karmas become Dharma when our chitta is pure. Pure intellect is only possible when there is element of divinity associated with it and this is only achieved with the shuddha Buddhi. When the intellect controls the mind, then that intellect is of the highest grade Dharma is found where there is pure intellect which in turn is associated with detachment & sound judgment. (Vivek)

Arth – This is desired by everyone. No one in this world work without any aim and behind every aim there is desire of benefit, comfort and welfare. The ultimate aim of every human soul is to achieve the highest pleasure. An ordinary man feels that one can get happiness if all the materialistic things are achieved with money. Whatever we do is centered on only money. Arth never stays inside; it is always outside. But the happineess lies inside. The thing which is outside can't bring happiness. Even if it does than it is for moment.

The third valour is Kaam which is associated with situation, person or material things.
This stays in our mind because after achieving our desirable, whether it is situation, person or thing or material. This is definitely better than Arth because to get this; Arth can be spend by any one like anything. But chance of loosing the direction is very high if not guided properly on time. It is a double edge sword.

When Arth & Kaam are not associated with the Dharma then they create the illusion of pleasure. We must understand and implement Arth & Kaam in such a way that momentary pleasure which later leads to sorrow, should not happen.
Whatever prevents blind attraction & attachment that is Dharma. Obeying the Dharma brings brightness & enlightenment to the mind & shoul, People who do not follow their Dharma can never have this aura

We usually concentrate on the Arth & Kaam aspects of purushartha & forget about Moksha & Dharma or leave it on future. If we leave Arth & Kaam in hands of God & concentrate all the energies on achieving Moksha & Dharma than everything else falls into place automatically.
One can not restrain totally or run away from this world. Than what one should do? One should practice Dharma, Arth & Karma equally. Concentrating only on one is what causes man’s downfall. So Balance is the key word. If Arth & Kaam are imbibed with Dharma as the medium, than the Kaam will not lead to any ties and so the path of liberation will open up.

The way of life has been divided in to four stages to prepare one for achievement of these goals in a systematic manner so one can enjoy the life in totality. These are brahmacharya, grihastha, vanaprastha and sanyas ashram. These four stages also help in balancing the three Gunas (satv, raj, tam)

The brahmacharya ashram (stage of studentship) is for initial 20-25 years in which the knowledge of Dharma and other aspects like livelihood, politics etc are learned in a diligent and focused manner to make life better under strict discipline, celibacy and guidance This is the best time to sow the seed of good sanskara on which rest of three ashram matures.
The second 20-25 years, is called the "Grihastha ashram" or householder phase. This is the main time for marriage,having children and raising a family, as well as for working and fulfilling our duties to society. It involves earning a living through the skills acquired during Brahmacharya ashram. In this ashrama an individual pays three debts (service of God, serving sages and saints and to ancestors), The goal is to acquire knowledge, build character and learn to shoulder responsibilities on the basis of dharma.
The third section of 20-25 yr is Vanaprastha or the hermitage phase indicates the departure gradual withdrawal from material possessions & active life handing over the control to the next generationand. In this one begins devoting more time to study of scriptures, contemplation and meditation. The social activities become religious in nature. Celibacy is again recommended.

The fourth and last section is the "Sannyasa" or renunciation phase. In this phase one has to give up all worldly ties, spends all of his or her time in meditation and inwardly aims to seek the highest bliss of spirituality.

Simply reading a topic from a book is not enough. It should stay with one. If any wants to understand its true meaning, then one should successfully imbibe the meaning of the topic read in one’s daily life.

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